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Grade Ladder – Materials Technology – Key Stage 4
(a) Identifying and investigating design possibilities 10 Marks
9 – 10 marks
  • Undertaken a comprehensive and effective identification of opportunities for the development of designs within the prescribed context.
  • Undertaken comprehensive, relevant research and investigation, clearly linked to the context and, where appropriate, the work of past/present professionals and companies.
  • Undertaken an effective analysis of information, reflecting the needs, wants and values of clients or potential users.
  • Identified a range of problems/opportunities to clearly inform the development of possible design briefs.
6 – 8 marks
  • Undertaken a generally effective identification of opportunities for the development of designs within the prescribed context.
  • Undertaken relevant research and investigation, linked to the context and, where appropriate, the work of past/present professionals and companies.
  • Undertaken a mostly effective analysis of information, reflecting the needs, wants and values of potential users.
  • Identified a range of problems/opportunities to inform the development of possible design briefs.
3 – 5 marks
  • Identified some opportunities for the development of designs within the prescribed context.
  • Undertaken research and investigation, generally linked to the context and, where appropriate, the work of past/present professionals and companies.
  • Undertaken a partially effective analysis of information, though the needs, wants and values of potential users may not have not been fully considered.
  • Identified some problems/opportunities which partially inform the development of possible design briefs.
1 – 2 marks
  • Identified one opportunity for the possible development of designs within the prescribed context.
  • Undertaken little research and investigation, which is only partially linked to the context.
  • Undertaken a superficial analysis of information, with little or no consideration of the needs, wants and values of potential users.
  • Identified few problems/opportunities and developed a design brief with little reference to their investigations.

 

(b) Developing a design brief and specification 10 Marks
9 – 10 marks
  • Fully considered a range of problems/opportunities before deciding upon a final design brief.
  • Demonstrated a very good understanding of the task ahead and the requirements which have to be met, to satisfy fully the needs, wants and interests of potential users.
  • Written a design brief, relevant to the context, based upon a thorough analysis of their research and investigation.
  • Written a detailed, relevant specification, including a range of objective and measurable criteria, to direct and inform the design and manufacture of a prototype.
6 – 8 marks
  • Considered a range of problems/opportunities before deciding upon a final design brief.
  • Demonstrated a good understanding of the task ahead and most of the requirements which have to be met, to satisfy most of the needs, wants and interests of potential users.
  • Written a design brief, relevant to the context, based upon a general analysis of their research and investigation.
  • Written a relevant specification, including a range of objective and measurable criteria, to inform the design and manufacture of a prototype.
3 – 5 marks
  • Considered some problems/opportunities before deciding on a final design brief.
  • Demonstrated a general understanding of the task ahead and one or two requirements have been identified to satisfy some of the needs, wants and interests of potential users.
  • Written a design brief, based upon some aspects of the analysis of their research and investigation.
  • Written a specification, including the key points, to partially inform the design and manufacture of a prototype.
1 – 2 marks
  • Focussed on a single opportunity to produce a design brief.
  • Demonstrated a limited understanding of the task ahead, with little or no consideration of the needs, wants and interests of potential users.
  • Written a design brief based upon simple analysis of their research and investigation.
  • Produced a small range of partially appropriate specification points.

 

(c) Generating and developing design ideas 30 Marks
24 – 30 marks
  • Considered a range of design strategies, techniques and approaches and applied an iterative design process to generate and communicate a range of initial ideas which fully reflect all requirements.
  • Fully identified and considered social, moral and economic factors which are relevant to the context and potential user(s).
  • Clear, effective and detailed use of testing to evolve ideas and to refine their design decisions.
  • Developed a proposal, including comprehensive and relevant details of materials, dimensions, finishes and production techniques, which clearly address all requirements of the design brief and specification.
  • Demonstrated sophisticated use of skills/techniques to clearly communicate ideas and proposals to a third party.
16 – 23 marks
  • Considered a range of design strategies, techniques and approaches and applied an iterative design process to generate and communicate a range of initial ideas which generally reflect requirements.
  • Identified and considered social, moral and economic factors which are generally relevant to the context and potential user(s).
  • Clear and generally effective use of testing to evolve ideas and to refine their design decisions.
  • Developed a proposal, including relevant details of materials, dimensions, finishes and production techniques, which address most requirements of the design brief and specification.
  • Demonstrated good use of skills/techniques to communicate ideas and proposals to a third party.
8 – 15 marks
  • Considered some design strategies and techniques and applied an iterative design process to generate and communicate a range of basic initial ideas.
  • Identified social, moral and/or economic factors with some attempt to relate these to the context and potential user(s).
  • Made some use of testing to evolve ideas and to refine their design decisions.
  • Developed a basic proposal, including details of materials, dimensions, finishes and/or production techniques, which address the main requirements of the design brief and specification.
  • Demonstrated satisfactory use of skills/techniques to communicate ideas and proposals to a third party.
1 – 7 marks
  • Generated and communicated a limited range of undeveloped initial ideas.
  • Identified aspects of social, moral or economic factors, though these are not closely related to the context and or potential user(s).
  • Made little or no use of testing to evolve ideas.
  • Developed a limited proposal, with superficial details of materials, dimensions, finishes and/or production techniques which addresses few requirements of the design brief and/or specification.
  • Demonstrated limited ability to communicate their idea(s) to a third party.

 

(d) Manufacturing a prototype 30 Marks
24 – 30 marks
  • Clearly communicated comprehensive and relevant details of a logical sequence and achievable timeline for the stages of production and testing of their final prototype.
  • Worked with appropriate materials and components to complete all aspects of the manufacture of their prototype to a defined schedule.
  • Used appropriate making skills and processes to produce a high-quality functioning prototype that fully meets all requirements of the design specification and is fit for purpose.
  • An excellent understanding of the working properties and performance characteristics of the specified materials and, where appropriate, demonstrated consideration of surface treatments/finishes.
  • Selected and safely used specialist tools, appropriate techniques, processes, equipment and machinery with excellent accuracy and precision to enable the prototype to perform as intended and fully meet the user’s requirements.
16 – 23 marks
  • Communicated details of a logical sequence and achievable timeline for the stages of production and testing of their final prototype.
  • Worked with appropriate materials and components to complete most aspects of the manufacture their prototype, generally to a defined schedule.
  • Used appropriate making skills and processes to produce a good quality functioning prototype that generally meets most of the requirements of the design specification and is fit for purpose.
  • A good understanding of the working properties and performance characteristics of the specified materials and, where appropriate, demonstrated consideration of surface treatments/finishes.
  • Selected and safely used specialist tools, appropriate techniques, processes, equipment and machinery with good accuracy and precision to enable the prototype to perform as intended and generally meet the user’s requirements.
8 – 15 marks
  • Communicated details of a sequence for manufacture and testing of their final prototype.
  • Worked with materials and components to partly complete the manufacture of their prototype, generally to a defined schedule.
  • Used making skills and processes to produce a functioning prototype that partially meets the requirements of the design specification and is generally fit for purpose.
  • An understanding of the main working properties and performance characteristics of the specified materials and, where appropriate, demonstrated basic consideration of surface treatments/finishes.
  • Selected and safely used specialist tools, techniques, processes, equipment and machinery with a fair degree of accuracy and precision, the prototype only just performs as intended and meets some aspects of the user’s requirements.
1 – 7 marks
  • Communicated superficial or no details of a sequence for manufacture and/or testing of their final prototype.
  • Worked with materials and components to partly complete the manufacture of their prototype.
  • Implemented making skills and processes to produce a partially functioning prototype, some aspects of which meet elements of the design specification.
  • A limited understanding of the working properties and/or performance characteristics of the specified materials.
  • Selected and safely used specialist tools, techniques, processes, equipment and machinery with a limited degree of accuracy, the prototype partially or is unable to fully perform as intended, though meets few aspects of the needs, wants and values of the user.

 

(e) Analysing and evaluating design decisions and prototypes   20 Marks
16 – 20 marks
  • Undertaken a critical, objective analysis, evaluation and testing of their ideas and decisions whilst applying iterative design processes.
  • Undertaken a critical and objective evaluation and testing of their final prototype, taking into account the views of potential users.
  • Responded to feedback and clearly identified the potential for further development of their prototype, with detailed suggestions for how modifications could be made.
11 – 15 marks
  • Undertaken an objective analysis, evaluation and testing of their ideas and decisions whilst applying iterative design processes.
  • Undertaken an objective analysis, evaluation and testing of the final prototype, with some consideration of the views of potential users.
  • Responded to feedback and identified the potential for further development of their prototype, suggesting how modifications could be made.
  • Responded to feedback and identified the potential for further development of their prototype, with suggestions of how modifications could be made.
6 – 10 marks
  • Undertaken a basic analysis, evaluation and/or testing of their ideas and decisions whilst applying iterative design processes.
  • Undertaken a basic analysis, evaluation and/or testing of their final prototype, with partial consideration of the views of potential users.
  • Identified the potential for some further development of their prototype, including suggestions of how modifications could be made.
1 – 5 marks
  • Produced a superficial evaluation of their ideas and decisions.
  • Produced a superficial evaluation of their final prototype.
  • Partially identified how their prototype could be modified.